Pet lizards species
Lizards are reptiles, belonging to the class Reptilia, and live in almost all of the continents apart from Antarctica. Lizards can thrive in diverse climatic conditions and are the most geographically widespread of the reptiles. Thus, it allows them the undisputed status of the largest group of reptiles with about 5000 species. They have survived on the earth for about 200 million years.
Reptiles have the following physical features: they have vertebrae, lungs, and scales or plates. They are cold-blooded, drawing all of the body heat from the environment (the sun) which can be deadly during cold spells. This enables them to consume less food compared to a mammal having the same body weight; this can particularly benefit them in the desert. They like to lay in the sun in order to heat themselves.
Usually most of the lizards have four legs, but some might have two or no legs at all. The average lengths of lizard are between 2 inches to about 10 feet. Among the other members of the class, the Mexican Beaded Lizard and Gila Monster are vicious.
While the biggest member of the lizard family, Komodo monitor has the ability to grow even longer than an adult human, the smallest one is a little gecko.
Usually lizards tend to have parched, and rough skin, with four legs, feet having claws and a fragile lengthy tail. The opening of the ear outside is visible, and they can detach their tail very easily in case of little jerk or disturbances. Thus, the enemies get confused. However, it is vital to note that not all of the lizards have weak and frail tails. The tails help them to balance the body and move ahead. Lizards store extra fats in their tails, thus it can be a major problem for them when the tail breaks off. Some of them are capable of growing new tails.
Lizards feed on bugs, spiders and other insects. Some eat plants, tiny animals and other lizards.
Lizards look for food through their eyes, and some even use smell-sense to find food.
They have strong jaws and teeth. The teeth are also present at the top of the mouth.
Lizards can adjust in a wide range of habitats including deserts, forests, swamps or rocky areas. Fields as well as trees, are ideal living spots for them.
People enjoy watching lizards, which are mostly operative during the summer and hibernate in winter. If temperatures are excessively high, some of them may hide, coming out only to fetch food.
Lizards can trot, crawl and even cling to some surface or branch. A few exceptional ones can swim as well. You can see them laying over rocks or moving through logs. Many lizards can trot fast through the grounds, except the ones having unsteady legs that tend to travel slowly.
Most of the lizards keep the eggs in the nests, except the ones who give birth to babies. The child-bearer doesn’t seem to care for the young ones.
Lizards have to survive, amongst numerous enemies like birds, snakes, lizards and other animals.
Lizards can move or detach their tails, hiss or swell up to get rid of enemies. Some can change colors and camouflage. Some lizards are deadly for humans, thus it is vital to be careful as they might bite or bear pointed spines.
Human beings are really hazardous for lizards. They often feed on lizards or their eggs. Earlier, lizards have been killed for their skins.
The rapid development of towns and farms destroy the habitats of the lizards. Successive attempts to catch and examine lizards by setting up traps have gone in vain.
In the Leuser Ecosystem, there has been a wide variety of lizards such as skinks, gecko, cicaks (smaller, less colorful cousins of geckos) or monitor lizards along with frogs.
The skink is similar to the gecko, being dark green in color and twists while it moves. The 7-8 cm long skinks feed on mosquitoes. The gecko is about 10-11 cm in length, having orange and green spots and living on tiny cicaks and flies. The monitor lizard feeds on animals which are smaller than it. They are light green with stripes of dark green and an average length around 1 meter. Cicaks are night lizards with a green color, feeding on mosquitoes. During night time, they wait near lights to catch mosquitoes and other flies.
Being green in color, the meat eater Komodo dragons hide in grass. Residing in the island of Komodo, they feed on cattle, dogs, cat even human beings. The 10 foot long lizards can be seen in the Zoo in Singapore.
The lizards are undoubtedly very important as many carnivores feed on them including the humans. The monitor lizards are particularly very essential as the Chinese communities show interest in certain parts of the lizard body. They believe that eating the eyeballs of the monitor lizard can offer them immortality. The skin of the monitor lizard and the meat is also very expensive. They also offer spectacular attractions in zoos.
Many people are not aware of the fact that reptiles are actually very nice pets, if properly taken care of. In order to keep reptiles at home, ample amount of research is necessary so that you can cut down the cost as well as time. Even the pet stores might fail to deliver you correct information about proper caring of reptiles; as a result, you may find the hobby of lizard-keeping quite expensive.
Amidst the wide variety of lizards existing on this planet, only some can be excellent pets, while the others can be threatening for an amateur keeper. Here are three types of pet lizards which a novice hobbyist can manage easily and can be fun as well.
The bearded dragons are the most popular species of pet lizards for all types of keepers. Once you fulfill their basic demands, they will live a long and healthy life. They also have very obedient nature.
Pagona family of reptiles comprises of eight members, commonly referred as bearded dragons.. The name commonly refers to the central bearded dragon, (Pogona vitticeps), which refers to the portion below the throat that turns to black color if they are under stress. The main habitat of these reptiles is dry, rough, rocky areas or the open woodlands of Australia.
The original homeland of the “Beardies” is Australia, but you can easily create a suitable environment for them by using full-spectrum lighting or basking lights. This way, you can keep them at home.